Epidemiology

Incidence, prevalence and sex distribution of several autoimmune diseases
Disease

Incidence /
100 000 persons
per year

Prevalence /
100 000 persons
Females
in percent
Addison's disease (a) 0.6 14.0 93
Autoimmune hepatitis (a) 0.4 0.4 88
Celiac disease (c) 50-300 500-1200  
Diabetis mellitus (Type 1)
Age < 20 (a)
12.2 192.0 48
Drug-induced lupus 5-7 No data  
Glomerulonephritis (a) 3.6 40.0 32
Grave's disease (a) 13.9 1151.5 88

Hashimoto thyroiditis (a)

21.8 791.7 95
Microscopic polyangiitis 0.2-7    
Primary billiary chirrhosis (a) 0.9 3.5 89
Pernicious anemia (a) No data 150.9 67
Poly-/Dermatomyositis (a)
(b)
1.8
0.2-1
5.1
67
60
Rheumatoid arthritis (a)2486075
Scleroderma (a)
(b)
1.4
0.5-1.9
4.4
1.3-9
92
84-93
Sjögren's syndrome (a)
(b)
3.9
14.4
1.3-9
92
84-93
SLE (a)
(b)
7.3
3.3-4.8
23.8
15-50
88
84-90
Vasculitis, primary systemic (a) 2.0 14.5 43

Glomerulonephritis with Polyangiitis (GPA), formerly Wegener's granulomatosis (a)

1.0 3.0 51

 

(a) data from Cooper GS, Stroehla BC, Autoim Rev 2003; 2:119-125

(b) data from Gaubitz M, Rheumatology 2006; 45:iii3-iii4

(c) data from Micetik-Turk D, International Celiac Disease Meeting in Maribor, Slovenia, 2007.

As in all diagnostic testing, the diagnosis is made by the physican based on both test results and the patient history.