Midazolam


Midazolam hydrochloride is a short-acting imidazobenzodiazepine used in anesthesiology.
 
Incidence
Extremely rare.
 
Clinical manifestations
General: anaphylactic shock.
 
Cutaneous: angioedema, rash.
 
Respiratory: bronchospasm.
 
Diagnostic methods
None.
 
Mechanisms
Unknown.
 
Management
Avoidance.

References

  1. Fujita Y, Ishikawa H, Yokota K, "Anaphylactoid reaction to midazolam", Anesth. Analgesia., 1994 ; 79 (4): 811-2
  2. Yakel D.L Jr, Whittaker S.E, Elstad M.R, "Midazolam-induced angioedema and bronchoconstriction", Crit. Care. Res., 1992 ; 20 (2): 307-8

As in all diagnostic testing, the diagnosis is made by the physican based on both test results and the patient history.