Asthma caused by candida tropicalis


Occupations
  • Animal foodstuffs industry
Agents
Candida tropicalis.
 
Incidence
Incidence: significant numbers of workers are affected, however there are only a few factories involved in this activity. Mechanism is almost always type I IgE-dependent. Subjects are almost always atopic. There are some common antigens between Candida tropicalis and Candida albicans.
 
Conditions
Sensitization to the Candida tropicalis bacteria in petrochemical products, occurring when the powdered product is bagged. This pathology remains rare.
 
Symptoms
Cough, asthma and occasional coryza during working hours with symptom-free periods when away from the factory.
 
Diagnostic methods
IDR with Candida tropicalis at 1/10000 and 1/1000 m/v. No known immunological assay.
 
Use of bronchial provocation tests has not been reported.

References

  1. Rev. Fr. Allergol. 1976, 16:17

As in all diagnostic testing, the diagnosis is made by the physican based on both test results and the patient history.