Asthma in the dairy industry


Occupations
  • Animal foodstuffs industry
  • Food industry

Agents
Antibiotics, Betalactoglobuline, Sulfamide.

Incidence
Incidence: low.
 
Atopy does not play a role.
 
IgE-dependent mechanism.
 
Conditions
Sensitization occurs during the production and use of milk powder in various food industries.
 
Symptoms
Asthma, rhinitis and conjunctivitis. Asthma starts as nocturnal asthma, but becomes persistent.
 
Diagnostic methods
Skin prick test using betalactoglobulin.
 
Immunological assay: RAST/CAP RAST betalactoglobulin and some antibiotics.
 
Bronchial provocation test (in hospital).

References

  1. Rev. Fr. Allergol. 1984, 24:93´
  2. Riv. Deg. Inf. Mal. Prof. 1985, 72:407

As in all diagnostic testing, the diagnosis is made by the physican based on both test results and the patient history.